We Have 2 Eids….Qurbani is Part of Hajj Eid
Just like the Queen of England has 2 birthdays Muslims have 2 Eids.
Eid means celebration
We have one Eid after fasting approximately 30 days of Ramadhan
We have another Eid after the Hajj Pilgrimage rituals, that have been an ongoing annual pilgrimage to Makkah in Saudia Arabia, since the time of the Prophet Abraham.
Abraham’s first wife Sarah couldn’t conceive a child, so she gave him her assistant Hajja , an Egyptian of the Pharonic household, as a wife.
Hajja conceived Ishmael and Sarah became jealous and wanted Abraham to take Hajja and baby Ishmael away. He took them to Makkah, an Ancient Sacred site.
They settled there and the well of Zam zam revealed itself to Hajja and the baby Ishmael and the settlement around fresh water began
Abraham or Ibraheem(alaihi wa salem) as we call him, visited them regularly and together the father and son built a Sacred Tabernacle.
Allah/God through a dream asked Abraham to show his devotion by sacrificing his son. It was the custom of matriarchal religions of the time to sacrifice their king every year.
As Abraham was about to do this, Allah stop him and instructed him to kill a sheep instead.
This ritual of killing a sheep as a sacrifice exists to this day for people who perform the hajj pilgrimage and those who remain in their own homes who can afford to sacrifice a sheep, killed in the method of halal slaughter, which is more than just saying “bismillair”.
Karimah’s Cuisina is a faith based well being organisation and part of our portfolio is to cook healthy nutritious food and distribute to the poor and needy. We get given meat from the Eid sacrifices which is know as Qurbani meat .
Summary of conditions for Halal slaughter
Islamic law requires that animals intended for human consumption be slain in a certain manner. The conditions for Halal slaughter can be summarized as follows:
• The animal to be slaughtered must be from the categories that are permitted for Muslims to eat.
• The animal must be alive at the time of slaughter.
• No electric shock, bullet or any other means should be used before slaughtering. Using any such method may lead to the death of the animal before it is cut. Islam prohibits Muslims from eating any meat coming from an animal that is dead before slaughter. Muslims are also advised to avoid eating anything doubtful.
• The animal must be slaughtered by the use of a sharp knife. The knife must not kill due to its weight. If it kills due to the impact the meat may not be permissible.
• The windpipe (throat), food-tract (oesophagus) and the two jugular veins must be cut.
• The slaughtering must be done in one stroke without lifting the knife. The knife should not be placed and lifted when slaughtering the animal.
• Slaughtering must be done by a sane adult Muslim. Animals slaughtered by a Non Muslim will not be Halal.
• The name of Allah must be invoked (mentioned) at the time of slaughtering by saying:
Bismillah Allahu Akbar. (In the Name of Allah; Allah is the Greatest.)
• If at the time of slaughtering the name of anyone else other than Allah is invoked (i.e. animal sacrificed for him/her), then the meat becomes Haram “unlawful.”
• If a Muslim forgets to invoke the name of Allah at the time of slaughtering, the meat will remain Halal. However, if he intentionally does not invoke the name of Allah, the meat becomes Haram.
• The head of the animal must not be cut off during slaughtering but later after the animal is completely dead, even the knife should not go deep into the spinal cord.
• Skinning or cutting any part of the animal is not allowed before the animal is completely dead.
• Slaughtering must be made in the neck from the front (chest) to the back.
• The slaughtering must be done manually not by a machine, as one of the conditions is the intention, which is not found in a machine.
• The slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered. Any instrument used for slaughtering pigs should not be used in the Halal slaughtering.
We cooked and took 5 kilos of free range lamb to a men’s hostel for vulnerable men with mental health, drug an alcohol issues.
Customary and Desirable Practices When Slaughtering
• Water should be offered to the animal before slaughter, and it should not be slaughtered when hungry.
• The knife should be hidden from the animal, and slaughtering should be done out of sight of other animals waiting to be slaughtered.
• Animals should be killed in a comfortable way. Unnecessary suffering to them must be avoided.
• The knife should be re-sharpened before slaughter.
Storage, Processing and Transport of Halal Meat
• Meat chilled or frozen for export to Muslims should be stored in separate cold stores other than those in which pork or other non-Halal meat is stored.
• Meat minced or processed for Muslims should not be minced in the same machines used to mince pork or other non-Halal meat.